Kalum Lake- Rosswood

Kalum Lake, British Columbia, Canada

Kitsumgallum “Kalum” “Kitsumkalum” “Kitsumkallum” Lake
and Rosswood
All North of Terrace BC

Kitsumkalum Lake is approx 8 miles long and 3 miles wide

Located in Range 5, Coast Land District

Officially Named “Kitsumkalum Lake” ca 1951

Latitude -54º 47' N
Longitude -128º 47' W

Kitsumkalum is named after one of the 14 bands of the Tsimshian First Nations of BC

In this area there is also Red Sand Lake, and Mud Lake


1911 map

Kalum Lake Hotel

On the south end of this lake, George Cobb built the “Kalum Lake Lodge”, “Kalum Hotel” ca 1920

I have also seen “Kalum Lakeview House” as it's name

Today the Hotel has been reconstructed at the Terrace Museumm and is worth a trip to see it.

Past Owners of the Kalum Hotel

George Bryson Cobb
b- Oct 22, 1864, in ON Canada
d- June 10, 1948 in Red Cross Outpost Hospital, Terrace BC, abt 84
buried in Kitsumgallum Cemetery, Terrace
Logger and Prospector
He had a mining claim in the Kalum Lake area as well.
He operated a transfer business, from south to north end of the lake
as well as from Terrace to Kalum Lake.
He came to BC, ca 1908
Came to Terrace area, ca 1918.
When he died he was married, his wife was living in Vancouver.

In 1911, the Cobb family were living in Prince Rupert
George shown born Oct, 1864, age 46, as a farmer
married Annie Jane Cobb nee Smith, in 1887.
b- Aug 17, 1866 in ON
d-
daughter- Mary Elizabeth Cobb,
b- Aug 7, 1888 in Fort Colongue, (Fort Coulongue?) Quebec
married Thomas William Walker, Dec 25 1909, in Prince Rupert BC,
in home of bride's parents.
b- age 24 when he married in Dec 1909, Bristol, Quebec
Profession- Engineer in 1909,
father- W. H. Walker

daughter- Lilian “Lilly” Edna Cobb,
b- Jan 29, 1891 in Nipissing Co, ON
she married Albert Richard McClelan, Sept 23, 1912 in Prince Rupert
at residence of the bride, Summit Ave. Pr. Rupert
b- River Philip, NS, age 25 in 1912
Albert shown as a driver in 1912
son of Benjamin McClelan & Ida McLellan

son- William R. Cobb,
b- Apr 15, 1893 in ON
d-
living in Prince Rupert in 1912, witness at sister's wedding
living at 3405 Aintree Dr, North Vancouver BC in 1952

son- Alexander “Alex” Proudfoot Cobb,
b- Aug 23, 1898 in Coppercliff, ON
d- Mar 18, 1952 Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver BC
Steam Engineer, with McKenzie Barge & Derrick Co.

son- Thomas Smith Cobb,
b- May 6, 1901 in ON
d- Apr 17, 1952, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver BC
Occupation- General Carpenter until 1951

1901 the family was in Waters Township, Nipissing Co, ON

Everett Robert Dix
(Evrit in daughter's death certificate)
Have also seen Everet Dix as spelling, and Everette Dix
b- Mar 19, 1887, Hamlet of Starlight, Wayne, PA, USA (age 33 in 1920)
d- Sept 1, 1984, Portville NY, age 97
Burial: Chestnut Hill Cemetery, Portville, Cattaraugus Co, New York, USA
Plot: G-55NW-2, with his 2nd wife Twila
last res- 14770 Portville, Cattaraugus, New York, USA
son of David “Sylvester” Dix,
b- PA, age 21 in 1880, in Preston, Wayne Co. PA
and his mother- Ella C. Dix, nee Sampson
b- in Illinois, age 47, in 1910 census in Scott, Wayne, PA
Sylvester's father, David Dix,
b- abt 1817, in PA, age 62 in 1880, in Preston, Wayne Co. PA, farmer
Sylvester's mother- Betsey Stanton
b- abt 1820, in PA, age 60, in 1880, in Preston, Wayne Co. PA
David and family were near Lake Como Post Office, Preston, Wayne, PA in 1870
his grandfather shown as a farmer.

Found Everett Dix in Detroit in 1914, shown as a taxidermist, which I know he did as an occupation during the winter months, living in Terrace.


1948 ad he was still doing this work in Coudersport PA

He was Proprietor of the “Kalum Lake Lodge”, ca late Feb 1928- 1934
He was closing the deal last week of Feb 1928 for the property
from Mr. George Cobb, coming from Detroit MI.
He was going to make great improvements, and attract tourists and campers from the east.
Both his parents were born in Pennsylvania
Father shown as a farmer in 1900 in Dist 0128, Scott, Wayne, Penn.
Everett in 1920 in Detroit, Ward 16, Wayne Co, USA
Everett enlisted in WWI, and also had a draft card for WWII
1940 he was living on North East St, Coudersport, Potter, Penn, USA

He must have remarried because by 1940
his wife was Twila May Belknap
age 51 in 1940 born in PA.
She was a Kindergarten teacher in Coudersport
quit teaching 2nd grade in 1934
1946 she was collecting antiques via a newspaper ad.
1985 they moved to Portville.
Twila Belknap b- Mar 1888 in PA, d- 1977
daughter of Berton David Belknap and Eva May Belknap, nee ?
Everett shown as age 52 in 1940, a wee bit wrong
note- his brother married a Belknap girl as well.

siblings of Everett ca 1900:
Alva Sylvester Dix,
b- Feb 23, 1883 in Shehawken PA
(Oct 24, 1884 in another record), age 17 in 1900
d- Nov 28, 1919 at his home at Autumn Leaves PA
buried in Riverview Cemetery PA
Drafted in WWI
wife- Julia Norma Dix, nee Belknap (1884-1980)
daughter of Ward Belknap and Emma H. Belknap, nee ?
Alva's daughter- Doris L. Dix, b- 1910 in PA
Alva's son Donald S. Dix, b- 1913 in PA

Argie L. Dix,
b- Oct 24, 1884, age 15 in 1900
d- Oct 1985, Susquehanna, Susquehanna, PA, USA

Orval J. Dix,
b- July 1, 1889, age 10 in 1900
d- Oct 1984 Starlight, Wayne, PA.

Ethel A. Dix,
b- Apr 20, 1892, age 8 in 1900
d- ?

Verla G. Dix
b- June 24, 1900
d- ?, Starrucca, Wayne Co., PA
she married Williams J. Williams
she had 2 sons and a daughter

Everett's 1st wife- Ethel Matilda Dix, nee Bigelow
(one record said surname was Hewitt, but marriage cert says Bigelow)
b- ca 1892 Alpena, Michigan USA (age 29 in 1920)
d- July 24, 1933 at Terrace BC, age 40
buried in Terrace Pioneer Cemetery
father- Emery Bigelow, mother Eliza (Miller) (Milles?) (Mills?)
she lived for 5 years prior to her death in the district.
Her brothers and sisters lived in the US.
Rev W. R. Welch officiated at her funeral at her local home
Her father was born in Canada, her mother in Michigan
married Ethel Jan 11, 1913 in Windsor, Essex Co., ON

they had a daughter:
Vivian Velpha Dix
b- Mar 7, 1914 in Detroit Michigan USA
d- Aug 15, 1953, in Terrace, age 39
buried Aug 18, in Kitsumgalum Pioneer Cemetery, Terrace
Vivian Velpha Dix married Oct 11, 1933
to Charlton “Charles” Lee Cauthers of Anyox BC
in United Church Parsonage in Prince Rupert.
They made their home in Anyox.

June 8, 1934 Everett Dix left the area to Detroit Michigan
he leased the Kalum Lake Lodge to R. W. Riley, a local druggist who owned the Terrace Drug Store
which was located across Greig Ave., from the Terrace Hotel.
He was constructing a tourist destination complete with truck service to the lake, and boat service on the lake.
He had leased the entire property.

In 1931 the newspapers reported Mr. Dix left town with a load of cedar lumber on his truck, to build a “Good Sized Boat” to be used for his tourist activities.


A postcard, no date known, showing a double ended boat, with a row boat. Looking North? Mr. Dix's boat?


Aug 26, 1931 article describes the boat
Forest Service also had a boat on the lake.
Postcard courtesy Mr. Grant Walker, Studio City, CA

June 9, 1928 they held the opening dance at the Kalum Lake Hotel.
Mrs. “Dixie” Dix built a Dance Hall, as a summer project with her pony,
This dance hall has been reconstructed at the Terrace Historical Museum.
It is an amazing building, and I taught a genealogy course in there, in the summer of 2014, and felt right at home!

Russell William Riley See my Terrace Drug Store page FIXME

Names and Mines, I have found in this area over the years

1879 Dr Dawson went through this area, and reported to the Dominion Government, that this area was the most productive and favoured localities in all of BC
Dr. George Mercer Dawson
b- Aug 1, 1849 in Pictou NS
d- Mar 2, 1901 Ottawa ON
Staff member of the Geological Survey Of Canada at this time.
Became Director in 1895

Aug 1908
A Mr. Robert A. Brown returned to Victoria, from Kitsumkalum, where he owned considerable land. He reported it was as good a growing land as anywhere.
His trip lasted 6 months. He reported excellent fruit and vegetable crops.
about 3 miles above the Kitsumkalum was the homestead of David Stewart, who came to the area 10 years earlier (ca 1898)
His fruit trees were known throughout the area. (see below)
When Mr. Brown went by Port Essington, with his samples of fruit etc, 12,000 acres was pre-empted in the Kitsumkalum valley.
the valley was reported to run for 65 miles from the Skeena to the Nass River.
The Grand Trunk Railway even surveyed a route through the valley.
the Provincial government agreed to build a 25 mile road up the valley.
Another farmer in the area, Frederick William Bohler, (see below)
sent a sample of his products to a fair in Victoria.
Heavy timber, and minerals like Coal, Gold, and Copper, as well as others, was to be found in considerable quantity.

David Stuart (aka Stewart)
John “David” Stuart
Pioneer Fruit Grower of the Skeena Valley
Died from old age.
Copper City was at the confluence of the Copper River and the Skeena River, on the south side of the river.
A ferry used to operate in this area, to connect the settlement to the GTP railroad.
May 1908 they were asking for applications to install and run this ferry. 1200 ft of 1 in cable was supplied by the govt.
Today a small subdivision is in this area.
On south side of the Skeena river, there was a wagon road to Terrace, now Highway 16
It was called the Kitamat Waggon Road in one document.
Mr. Stewart's land and orchard was on the north side of the river.
see link below

Frederick William Bohler
b- Germany, age 38 when he married, Bachelor, Rancher at Kitsumkalum
d- Oct 11, 1925 in Prince Rupert, age 57
father- Frederick William Bohler (sr), Mary Bohler, nee ?
married Jean Lever, nee Carrick, Oct 12, 1911
by Rev F. W. Kerr, at Central Hotel, Prince Rupert BC
b- ca 1872, Inverkip, Renfrew shire, Scotland
d- Dec 10, 1932 in Terrace BC, age 60
lived in Washago ON, age 39 when she married she was a widow
father- Thomas Carrick, mother- Annie Carrick, nee ?
May 1913, Fred Bohler was adding more acres
to his extensive garden patch, selling his produce in Rupert.

1917
Cliff Baldwin and a partner built a trail up the Nelson Creek for 13 miles, for prospecting purposes.

Clifton Arthur “Cliff” Baldwin
b- Feb 13, 1855 in probably Brandon, Oakland, Michigan USA
d- Sept 14, 1937 Vancouver BC, age 83
Well known miner all along the coast.
father- Clark C. Baldwin married Anstress Ann, nee ? 1851 in Brandon MI
his Father's mother and father were both born in Connecticut
1870 census Clifton shown in Brandon, Oakland, Michigan
age 14 at school.
father- Clark Baldwin, age 46 as a farmer
mother- Ann Baldwin, age 34, keeping house
sister- Rosetta Baldwin, age 17, at school
Here all family are shown as born in Michigan
1880 Cliff in Rocky Bar, Alturas, Idaho as a single carpenter, age 25.
Rocky Bar is now a Ghost town.
Sept 1892 there was a big fire in the town, which maybe made him move north.
Cliff's Father born in NY, and Mother born in Michigan
On the same census page are lots of Placer miners, so we know where he learned his trade, in Idaho.
1901 Cliff and his wife are in Rossland BC
Immigrating to Canada in 1894
Clifton shown age 41, as Clifton H. Baldwin
b- 1860
Mary Baldwin nee ?
b- Jan 21, 1861 in ON, age 40 in 1901
1911 Cliff was age 55, married, Broker, Mine
Mary Baldwin entered above him,
age 43, born in ON, both in Vancouver BC
Director of Arbortsford Gold Mining Co Ltd,
incorporated Apr 23, 1898 in Rossland BC

Treadwell No 2- Kitsumkalum Mining Section
operated by Joe Belway, McLaren and partners in 1917.
(Joseph “Joe” Belway and Alexander McLaren)
staked the Treadwell and Juneau claims in 1914
1898 there was a Joseph Belway
at Thompson's landing, BC, shown as a miner, same guy?

Motherlode Group, involved 3 claims
head of the south fork of Falls Creek, about 5 miles by trail from Kitsumkalum Lake
Motherlode claim, operated by Oscar Gendron (see below)
New York claim, operated by Jack Couture
BC Claim, operated by Gendron and Couture of Terrace combined
Oscar Olander and Paul Brodin acquired an interest in 1917.

Bear Group
consisted of 4 claims
Bear, Hawk, Whistler and Goat
located at the head of Falls Creek, 5 miles from the lake
owned by Matt Allard, of Terrace (see below)
Dave Wilson and P. Chesley of Salvus
and G. F. Monckton (see below)

Sunlight Group
2 claims Sunlight and Marmot
located at the head of Falls Creek, across the valley from the Bear Group
owned by E. Egan and A. McKinnon of Terrace

Sept 1933, T. Eckman and O. Fosslund brought out a 5 oz nugget, plus more ounces of gold from their placer diggings on the Douglas Creek.
Imagine finding that nugget today!

Douglas Creek
Range 5, Coast Land District
Latitude- 54º 48' 59“ N,
Longitude- 128º 46' 33” W
Recorded production for the period 1886-1940, on the Douglas Creek claims, totals 10,937 grams of placer gold.
gold was recovered here as early as 1886.
Between 1930 and 1933 more activity was recorded
Largest nugget reported 6.27 oz
I believe the “Peeing Tree” is where Douglas Creek enters Kalum Lake.

May 1933 they were working on the Kalum Lake Rd originally an old Pack train road, they were making a wagon road out of it on the east side of the lake
they were working by the Belway Mine (Joe Belway) and 2 miles south of it to Maroon Creek along the way they refer to an Old Davis Mill.
Joseph “Joe” Belway, Alexander McLaren, and partners owned this claim (also a Frank Belway in this area)

June 1934 Mr. Walter Raymond re-staked the old Belway claim.

1925 there is reference to Kalum Lake Mines Ltd owner A. C. Smith
a Charles Smith owned claims on the west side of the lake.
Charles A. Smith was one of the pioneers in the area.
Railroad engineer in 1913 with the Grand Trunk Railroad.
He took up a pre-emption on the lake, arriving Sept 1914.

June 1926, ex-Governor D. W. Davis of Idaho, of the Hopper, Davis & Co., of Washington DC, (also seen Davis-Hopper Company, and Hopper-Davis Mining Co.)
at Kitsumgallum Lake, had a mine on Maroon Mountain.
It was high up at the 4200 ft level.
They were in this area as early as 1925 developing the Bear Group of claims.
July 1925 Mr. Harry H. Hopper was in the area, with his Superintendent Jack M. Hoar.
Mrs Hoar arrived from Seattle July 1925.
they had 3 shifts working on a 100 ft crosscut tunnel.
Mr. Hopper was known as a Timberman in BC
and also in wheat lands in Saskatchewan before this.
Maroon Mountain is on the east side of Kalum Lake.
see map link below
Wesach Mountain is between Maroon Mountain and Douglas Creek
Only Governor of Idaho I can find was a
David William Davis
b- April 23, 1873 Cardiff Wales
d- August 5, 1959 Boise Idaho
He did have mining interests in the northwest.
1927 he was in Cedarvale looking after mining interests there.

Dec 1925 the Hopper Davis Co took out a bond on the Chiro Mining Co. near Terrace
It was a mine previously owned by a group of Seattle, businessmen, a Dr. Strand of the Haight building, and a Dr. Strand of Minot ND

They also operated a mine on the Beaver Property, NW corner of Kalum Lake, across from the Maroon Mountain mine.
Rollen Farmun (Farnum?) was Hopper-Davis's Mining Engineer

Mr. G. F. Monckton was a mining engineer in 1912-1914 at the mines in Kitsumkalum valley, for Matt Allard, D. Wilson, and P. Chesley.

Geoffrey Francis Monckton
was from Saanich BC
b- Apr 30, 1865 in Southwell Reg dist., Nottingham, England
d- Dec 28, 1927 in Victoria BC
took his mining degree in London England
came to Canada about 1886, first to Sydney NS.,
1888 to Kamloops, 1909 Bellingham WA.
Death cert says he came to BC in 1884
1911 Ross Coal claims at Groundhog Mountain
son of Edmund Gambier Monckton (1809-1872),
Colonel in the West Yorkshire militia,
and Arabella Martha Robinson,
b- ?, d 1880, who were married in 1845

When this mine closed, Jack M. Hoar took over the Belway claims in the Cedar River area.
Mar 1927 he was Superintendent on the Seven Sisters Group Mine, near Cedarvale. He was from Seattle.

another mine nearby on Maroon Mountain was called the Black Wolf Mine.


1925 map of Resources near Terrace
drawn by Fred Nash, BC Land Surveyor
Credit: Library and Archives Canada

Then we have the legend of the “Lost Snow Mine”
It supposedly happened ca 1860's when a man named Snow, would make his way from the Boundary Area, up to the Kitsumkallum Valley in the spring,
not to be seen again until the fall, with a small fortune in free gold.
Local residences assumed he was ascending Douglas Creek.
reading about the 5 oz nugget above, makes you wonder if those fellows didn't find this lost mine!

Sept 1875 he was picked up by the HBC steamer Otter at Woodcock's Landing for a trip to Victoria.

He is reported in one Nov 1885 article as “Old Man Snow” well known all over the northwest, not only as a miner, but as a stretcher of results reported.
Just before the steamer Barbara Boscowitz, under Captain Williams, left that in the last few days, he was in Kitsum Kalum he had taken out 22 oz in 6 days.“
His full name was Harvey C. Snow.

He was quite the guy it seems, famous and Infamous!

In early Feb 1889, Snow shot and killed a “White” Fisherman, named “Shorty”, at Fort Simpson.
Shorty actually worked for Snow. They were at Fort Simpson buying whisky and other supplies, For his small trading post, up the Naas river.
Shorty asked him for his back wages, and supposedly pulled a shotgun on Snow to back up his demands.
Snow finally told him he would pay, And then asked for the gun, which Shorty gave him.
Then Snow turned the gun on Shorty, and a fight broke out, causing the gun to go off, and Shorty was killed.
So far I can't find any details if he was charged with the killing.
Wonder how he talked his way out of this one?

He was charged in Sept 1895, shown from the Naas river, Charged with neglecting to provide for his aged wife.
Police Magistrate MacRae presided in Provincial Court case. Mr. Snow said he would be willing to provide for her, and the case was dropped.
He was not a nice guy later in life at least, and obviously not only looked for gold here, he looked for gold in his dying wife.
(see link below for his wife's story.)

Harvey C. Snow
aka: Henry Snow
aka: Harry Snow
b- ca 1820 in Brooklyn NY
d- Sept 29, 1907, Jubilee Hospital, Victoria BC, age 87
lived in Home for the Aged and Infirm in Victoria, before entering Hospital.
Came to Victoria in 1858, mined in the Cariboo, before here.

When he married Maria Spence, he was shown as Henry Snow
married Jan 2, 1869 at Metropolitan United in Victoria BC
wife- Maria Robinson (her second husband)
b- Holly Hall, Worchester, England
d- Oct 15, 1896, at Nanaimo, BC, age 78

I think he might have enlisted and served in the Civil War, but that is only a guess.

They show up in 1891 Canada census, both Harvey and Maria shown born in BC, which is wrong, age 64 for him, 67 for her.
both in Naas, Cassiar District.
as early as 1880 he pre-empted land on the Nass River.
Snow and a William Robertson had small scale fisheries, and trading posts for the local area.
At one point Harvey (Henry) and his wife lived at Greenville.
When it became a reserve she left, and moved to Kincolith in 1886.

Matthew “Matt” Allard,
b- July 21, 1870 in Duncan BC
d- Sept 30, 1955 in Kings Daughters Hospital, Duncan BC, age 85
First white child baptized in the old stone church in Duncan
Trapper and Prospector, last worked in 1955, Single
The Bear and Hawk claims on Maroon Mountain, were owned by Matt Allard
and associates, of Terrace in 1920.
see Hart farm note below
He operated the Beaver Flats trap line here as well, ca 1931.
He sold it in 1946, to Francis Seaton.
Matt was one of the earliest pioneers in the area, arriving in 1905
Mount Allard would be named after this fellow is my guess
He built his cabin ca 1912
retired to Duncan area ca 1938.
Allard family shows up in 1881 census in District 191,
Sub District, C. Cowichan, and Salt Spring Island, page 12
Roman Catholic,
his father was Narcisse Allard, b- in BC, age 39, farmer
mother- Christine Allard, b- in BC, age 28
brother- Maxime Allard, b- Baptized Nov 11, 1866
in Victoria BC, age 14 in 1881 census
Maxime's mother shown as Justine Lavoie
Matthew “Matt” Allard, b- in BC, age 11, see above
Sister- Josephine Allard, b- in BC, age 9, living in Everett WA when Matt died
Sister- Desire N. Allard, b- in BC, age 7
Sister- Christine Allard, b- in BC, age 2
Brother- Isaac Allard- b- ?, living in Nanaimo when Matt died
Brother- Fred Allard- b- ? living in Sidney when Matt died

Boniface “Oscar” Gendron,
b- Dec 7, 1874, St. Boniface MB
d- abt Jan 29, 1951, Marve McGillivary Falls, age 66
buried in Lillooet BC
Aug 1931, placer mine at Douglas Creek
shown as a prospector, Miner, single.
father- Joseph Gendron, mother Herminie Miller

George Bills, Aug 1931
owned a ranch in Rosswood area

W. Thompson

Miss Nellie Bates, from Loveland Colorado, 1931

1931- 20 people were on the Douglas Creek Placer grounds
W. Stevens

W. Cavanagh, (claim on Maroon Mountain with Allard above)
could be William Howard Cavanagh, buried in Terrace

Angus Bruce,
b- Nov 28, 1892, Aird, Isle of Sky, Scotland
d- Apr 4, 1972, in Skeenaview Hospital, Terrace
buried in Kitsumkalum Cemetery, Terrace

Donald Bruce
b- Jan 1878 in Scotland,
d- 1968
buried in Kitsumkalum Cemetery
shown as a rancher in 1911 in Kitsumkalum
next to him Alexander Bruce
b- Sept 1888 in Scotland, both immigrated in 1907

W. Sibbald
2 W. Sibbald men died in Prince Rupert
ca 1931 and 1937

J. Kelso

Mr. and Mrs Frank Nightwine, and a crew of 2
Frank Nightwine
b- Oct 25, 1878, Huntington Penn, USA
d- ?
served in WWI, enlisted Feb 23, 1916 in Prince Rupert
Private, Army, Canadian Infantry, 102nd Batt, reg #703779
shown an living in Terrace, farmer, mechanic
next of kin, father- Charles Nightwine, Springfield, Mo, USA
Frank Nightwine married Caroline Stewart
June 25, 1928 in Terrace BC
Caroline died Oct 25, 1935 in Duncan BC, age 64
Frank, with Henry Frank and Frank Lazelle
were the early Terrace musician's at the Progress Hall
which later became the I.O.O.F. hall
(see link below for photo)

Alfred “Alf” Samuel Egan,
b- Sept 23, 1883, Amphitheatre, Victoria, Australia,
age 41 when he married Apr 28, 1927
d- Dec 28, 1974, Skeenaview Lodge, Terrace
son of Daniel Egan, b- Ireland, and Eliza Presley, b- Australia
married Christine Allard, Apr 28, 1927, age 18
in United Church Parsonage, Pr. Rupert
daughter of Maxine Allard and Priscilla Harris
See Maxine Allard above
Served in WWI, Reg #463452, enlisted in Vernon BC
Aug 1927 Christine's parents lived in Duncan BC

Jack Couture

Mr. and Mrs. Dave Wilson
and 2 children, shown from Salvus in one article
(Lot 6792, the Hawk claim on Maroon Mountain, crown granted in 1925)

P. Chesley was also involved with Wilson and Allard on the Bear claims.
Phillip Thomas Chesley (Thomas Philip Chesley)
b- Oct 1864 in ON
d- July 21, 1927, age 65
1911 he was a Prospector in Lakelse Valley

William Fitzpatrick “Bill” Treston
b- May 6, 1880, in Cloon Tresten, County Mayo, Ireland
d- Mar 8, 1969, Prince Rupert Regional Hospital, age 88
buried in Prince Rupert Cemetery
Single, Prospector
son of Michael Treston and Lily Langford
(Owned claim with Dave Wilson above)
Mud Lake is also officially Treston Lake.
Bill pre-empted the land around the lake.
Treston Mountain nearby named after this man.
It is located just SW of Kalum Lake see map link below

Treston Lake, aka Mud Lake

Mud Lake was a known Trumpeter Swan nesting area, back in the early 1970's, when we travelled the old Forestry Road to Aiyansh.
Somewhere I have some pictures of these beautiful birds
I picked up an old trapper who lived north of Mud Lake, more near Lava Lake, on the old Columbia Cell Road.
This fellow lived in an old log shack, near a small lake/creek. possibly sand lake?
He had no modern conveniences.
But he knew more about Trumpeter Swans than any person on earth. He knew where they migrated from, what they ate, their habits, everything.
I wished I knew his name to add it here. They were his whole life.

Rosswood

Settlers tried to get a Post Office with Mrs. Annie Ross appointed as postmistress, and they succeeded with a sub post office there.

Name of Post Office: Rosswood
Federal Electoral District: Comox - Atlin (BC)
Office opened Sept 1, 1912
Office closed July 31, 1917

Postmaster Information:

Name of Postmaster Date of Appointment Date of Vacancy Cause of Vacancy
Mrs Annie Ross 1912-09-01 1915-05-18 Resignation
Mrs Marie Freckmann 1915-07-01 1915-11-06 Resignation
Mrs Annie Ross 1916-08-01 1917-07-31 Closed

This reproduction is NOT represented as an official version of the materials reproduced, nor as having been made in affiliation with,
or with the endorsement of the National Archives of Canada. The source of this material is the National Archives of Canada

Rosswood was named after Annie's family.
She made her home at the north end of Kalum Lake.

Sarah Anne “Annie” Ross, nee Kenna
b- May 15 1863, (possibly, or a week earlier),
in Minnesota City, Winona Co., Minnesota, USA
d- June 26, 1944, Seattle, King Co. WA, age 81
buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Everett, Snohomish Co, WA
From all I have read, this was one tough lady.
She left Terrace Aug 1924 to travel to Lowell WA
where she met her daughter Miss Inez E. Ross, and then travelled to Miami FL.
Inez Ross travelled to China in 1924
Annie is in 1900 census without her husband
in Index Precinct, Snohomish Co. Washington, shown as a Hotel Keeper.
shown as a widow, but Robert didn't die until 1910?
Father- Michael Kenna, Mother- Sarah Campbell
Father shown as born in Ireland, mother in Canada
Father and mother show surname as Kennay
Per another source she left Minnesota as a widow.
With 5 small children, Tom, May, Bob, Inez, and Frank.
She ran 2 restaurants, and a lodging house (Hotel) in Index WA.
They moved from Index, to Everett then Lowell WA.
She had a nephew Henry Conroy helping by cooking in the restaurants.
1911 she is shown in Kitsumkalum age 48 with Thomas and Frank.
She is listed as Anna Ross, Widow, Rancher, immigrating in 1908
and naturalized Canadian in 1910, Roman Catholic.

husband- Robert Ross
b- 1844 in Blackville, Northumberland Co., NB, Canada
d- Oct 4, 1910, Pine Co., Minnesota, USA, age 66
buried in Hay Creek Cemetery, Pansy, Wisconsin, USA
son of William Ross, b- 1796, (1798, 1805) Cape of Good Hope, Africa,
I believe Jan 28, 1885 he burned to death in his house in Blackville NB.
1851 shows him as a Hotentot, Farmer, Prop, in a Log House
and his wife Bridgit Mulligan, b- 1809, Ireland
I believe she died Jan 17, 1886 in Blackville NB
married 12 Sept. 1828, St Pat, Nelson, Northumberland, New Brunswick
They entered the colony in NB in 1819
Robert's siblings, all born in NB
Elizabeth Ross, b-
John Ross, b- ca 1831
Bridget Ross, b- ca 1833
Mary Ross, b- ca 1835
James Ross, b- ca 1837
William Mulligan Ross, b- ca 1839
Thomas Ross, b- ca 1841
Sarah Ross- b- 1 mo in 1851
1871 and 1881 census shows more possible siblings.
Delia Ross, age 48 in 1881
Catherine “Kate” Ross- age 10 in 1871, age 21 in 1881
Robinson Ross, age 19 in 1881
Family immigrated to Minnesota after the American Civil War.

son- Thomas Winslow “Tom” Ross
b- July 23,1885 in Gransburg, (Grantsburg?) Burnett Co., Wisconsin USA
enlisted in WWI while living in Terrace, Roman Catholic, Teamster
Enlisted in Vancouver Aug 5, 1918
next of kin mother Annie Ross, at Lowell PO, WA USA
Military Service act number 320265
Reg #2024916
shown in 1911 in Kitsumkalum, Teamster, Portage
shown in 1921 census age 35, teamster hauling logs.

daughter- Mary L. “May” Ross
b- May 1887 in Wisconsin USA
she might have married a Frank L. Buckley, May 1, 1907 in Snohomish Co.
but that is only a guess

son Robert H. “Bob” Ross
b- Sept 7, 1888 in Wisconsin USA
d- Nov 12, 1980 in Vallejo, Solano, CA, USA, age 92
worked for the Dominion Government Telegraph
in the Terrace area from 1910, for approx 10 years,
last known to live in CA.
1929 he lived in Everett WA
1930 shown as a Certified Public Accountant
living in Lowell Precinct No1, Snohomish, WA
wife- Margaret A. Ross, nee ?, b- Oklahoma, age 39 in 1930
daughter- Margaret M. Ross, b- Washington, age 6 in 1930

son Francis “Frank” Theodore Ross
b- May 11, 1891, Granceburg, (Grantsburg?) Burnett Co., Wisconsin, USA,
d- Oct 2, 1972 in his home at 910 Federal Highway, Lake Park, FL
buried Royal Palm Memorial Garden, Palm Beach Co, FL
age 25 in 1916 when he married
son of Robert Ross and Annie Kenna
Father shown as a lumberman
Frank lived in Terrace at one time.
Enlisted in WWI in Toronto, Oct 1, 1917
lived in Clarkson ON when he enlisted. Reg #2498851
Occupation shown as a lumberjack
Frank was working in Puerto Rico when he registered in WWII
Arundel corp.
Frank married Marjorie McIntyre Fairbairn, June 27, 1916
in home of Thomas J. Marsh, Terrace BC
b- Toronto ON, age 25 when she married
She was a teacher in Terrace, abt 1917
daughter of John K. Fairbairn, and Margaret Alexander
Father shown as a Merchant, Baptist
Frank had a daughter Elizabeth Ross
July 22, 1932 him and his daughter went from Canada to US
at Niagara Falls, age 41, shown as a carpenter
His wife was at Kelsey City FL

daughter- Inez Emily Ross
b- Feb 24, 1894, Brainerd, Crow Wing, Minnesota,
d- Apr 23, 1987 in Everett WA
age 36 in 1930 census, in Seattle WA
father shown born in Canada, mother in Minnesota
She was a stenographer with a steamship co, which explains
the trip to china possibly
1911 in Everett WA phone book

Only other Post Mistress, Mrs. Marie Freckmann

found a Herman Freckman, a Danish Widower,
b- Dec 21, 1879, in Callenburg, Denmark
d- Dec 5, 1958 in Terrace BC, age 78
He was a pole cutter, up to 1948
living on Airport Rd when he died.
1920's he was in the Lakelse Lake Valley.
He is buried in Kitsumgallum Cemetery
but isn't listed in the index online.

There is a Annie Mary Freckman
buried in Terrace Pioneer Cemetery
b- 1882
d- 1931
is this Marie?

1921 Residents of Rosswood

John “Jack” Arkle
b- age 52 in Ireland
immigrated in 1889
Prospector

Walter Warner
b- Nov 13, 1878, in Yarmouth, Suffolk, England
d- Feb 27, 1961 in Terrace and District Hospital, Terrace BC
buried in Kitsumgallum Cemetery, Terrace
Government Telegraph Operator
Retired Telegraph Lineman, 1936
immigrated in 1894
son of Robert Owen Warner, b- Suffolk, England
and Ellen Butler, b- Norfolk, England
married first- ?
married 2nd- Christina Warner, nee Allard, may 24, 1921 in Terrace
b- age 42 in Cowichan, BC
daughter of Narcisse allard , b- France
and Christina Lovervay, b- Vancouver BC

Oscar Gendron
b- age 48 in MB
Prospector
see above

John “Jack” Couture
b- age 58 in Quebec
Prospector

Oscar Olander
Prospector

Paul Brodin
Prospector

see Oscar Olander / Paul Brodin page FIXME

August Wickshaw
b- age 61 in Sweden
immigrated in 1897
Prospector

Edward Craig Booth
b- Feb 10, 1878 in Memphis Tennessee, USA
d-
Prospector in 1921
served in WWI, enlisted in Vancouver, June 15, 1916
Reg # 258434, Canadian Infantry
married to Annie Booth, Leavenworth WA
shown as a printer
June 3, 1919 he arrived in White Rock BC
shown as a farmer, heading north to take land
1930 he was in LA, CA

D. Wheeler Austin
b- age 51 in USA
Own ranch, clearing land

Samuel C. Fredericks
b- age 54 in USA
Own ranch, clearing land

Charles “Charlie” Newnham
b- age 64 (54?) in England
homestead, clearing land

Alfred “Alf” Egan
Prospector
see above

John Monier “Jack” Hoar
b- abt 1891, New York, USA
Prospector
he arrived on SS Prince Rupert from Seattle to Vancouver, Mar 1922, heading to Terrace, shown as a Mine Superintendent
both parents born in England
manager of the Chiro Mining Co.

Joseph Harp
b- age 24 in USA
Prospector

Thomas “Tom” Snell
b- May 6, 1879, age 43 in 1921, in Cornwall, England
d- Oct 1933 in California, USA
immigrated in 1890
1901 Miner in Rossland
CNR Construction in 1921
Killed in a mine accident in CA
He started at Zinardi Bridge,
then superintendent for D. A. Rankin at Pitman
when construction was over he went logging and prospecting.
Lived at Pacific, Usk and Terrace
wife- Mary Snell
b- age 45 in USA

As a personal note, I was part of the BC Tel crew, that worked on phone service into Rosswood in 2001, just before I retired.
Knocked on everyone's door, and they were sure excited about when they were to be connected to the rest of the world.
Before this they had a Radio Pay Phone at the General Store. Some areas were able to use radio phones, at a high cost.
Excellent history article on this site.
http://www.rosswoodbc.com/history.htm

Hart Farm

On the south end of the lake is the Hart Farm recreational site.
You would assume the Hart family built this but actually Matt Allard (see above) owned the land, prior to Sept 1914.
Mr. Joseph “Joe” K. Hart came many years later to buy up the pre-emptions for the timber.
He came from Seattle to discuss a deal with Matt Allard, June 1934.
Mr. Hart operated a mink farm on the property, as well as a beaver farm, which he started to set up June 1938, with Norman Alpick, both shown from Everett WA.
they fenced in 30 acres.
He sold the property to Columbia Cellulose.
Joe Hart then moved to the Annie Ross homestead at the head of the lake

Today this is part of the Kitsumkalum BC Gov't Park
The Nelson river enters Kalum Lake near the Hart Farm
see no 4 on map link below

Book written about this area
“Our Trail led Northwest”, by E. Madge Mandy author 1989
page 209 picture of Mr and Mrs Nightwine


Kalum Lake Dr, 4km north of Terrace, Dec 1989
Courtesy Ron Anderson

External Links
Note not my sites, links may or may not work in the future

Best map I have seen for the creeks etc in this area
http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/dkm/recreation/Terrace/Terrace_Area_recsites.pdf

check out the Terrace History Museum
http://heritageparkmuseum.com/about-the-museum/historic-buildings/

old Jan 1912 book, Mr. Stuart's (Stewart's) orchard picture
http://archive.org/stream/fruitgrowingposs00carprich#page/14/mode/2up

Mr Harvey C. Snow's wife
http://www.crunchers.bc.ca/robinson/maria_robinson.html



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